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Space

Boeing’s Millenium Space Systems will be unveiling its deorbiting satellite technology

Millenium Space Systems developed two smallsats that will be deployed in an experiment testing the drag-inducing component’s capacity to deorbit spacecraft from their orbits. The two payloads will be leaving for space via Rocket Lab’s Electron rocket. The two payloads are representative of the upcoming DragRacer program. Rocket Lab will be trying to salvage part of the Electron rocket to facilitate the reuse trials for the boosters. 

Alchemy, one of the two Millenium Space Systems payloads, will move over 70 meters within the device’s range to accelerate the possibility of the system dragging it to reenter the atmosphere. The other payload does not have a tether attached to it. The tethered payload will be coming back through the Earth’s atmosphere in one-and-a-half months, while the other will keep roaming its orbit for seven years.

The dragger that will be tethering the payload is called Terminator Tape and enough length for the spacecraft to move through hundreds of feet in its orbit. The project is an experiment to test the reliability, affordability, and simplicity of this deorbiting technology developed by Millenium Space Systems and Tethers Unlimited.

The chief executive of Millennium Space Systems, Stan Dubyn, explained that they are evaluating the potential of this method in deorbiting satellites’ remains at affordable prices to resolve the problem of debris accumulation in space. The chief of Tethers Unlimited, Robert Hoyt, outlines that this will be the first time to test the performance of the tether system in deorbiting remains from space and will help the engineers identify techniques that they can use to advance the performance of the device.

Other companies are also preparing to deploy their missions via Rocket Lab. The companies include UnseenLabs from France that will be deploying two CubeSats, and GomSpace that will be launching Bro-2 and Bro-3 satellites.

UnseenLabs wants to constellate 25 satellites in space to monitor the maritime operations of the French ships and combat any unseemly smugglers and pirates by monitoring their operations and sending the data to the concerned authorities.

Additionally, New Zealand’s newest satellite will be enjoying a rideshare mission on the Electron rocket. The country’s payload called Te Waka Āmiorangi o Aotearoa is a product of the development procedures by the University of Auckland and will mark the entry of the country into space expeditions. The spacecraft will be hosting the equipment to determine the degree of electrical disturbances in the top layer of the atmosphere and their subsequent impact on the planet’s tremors and earthquakes.

Finally, the chief executive of Rocket Lab, Peter Beck, expressed his satisfaction at the company’s successful spell in which it has acquired launch capabilities that they initially didn’t have. He added that it would be an exciting opportunity for its researchers and developers to expand their space operations and infrastructure. 

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All News

The Frontrunners of Green Future

Some countries in other parts of the world are placing carbon –neutral objectives and pushing forward with innovative programs to stop emissions, create employment and reduce energy costs. The Frontrunners in this mission include Spain, South Korea, Uruguay, and Kenya.

In Europe, Spain, under the leadership of its prime minister named Pedro Sanchez, Spain has managed to break from fossil fuels this year quickly. Furthermore, it is now among the first countries in Europe, leading against pollution. In the previous week, Spain’s government was the last to proclaim the mission to eliminate carbon emission by the year 2050, and it is experiencing one of the quickest moves away from coal. In the coming three years, Spain has set aside 27bn Euros for green energy projects. Moreover, down payment on the 750bn Euros investment to finance the mission to shift away from fossil fuels. By the year 2050, the mission of decarbonization estimates a 90% decrease in emissions, the planting of trees in 20,000 hectares, and the retrieval of 50,000 hectares of swamplands.

In Asia South Korea, after they were announced to be the global carbon villain, the Nation has proved to be among the champions this year with a 61bn Dollars Green new agreement and a guarantee to go the carbon-free year 2050. The president of South Korea, Moon Jae, is on a critical mission to ensure the end of using coal. Moreover, he aims to create green jobs for citizens, as he mentioned during his election campaign for the National assembly. By the year 2025, it has been projected that the Green New Deal would generate almost 230,000 more energy-saving houses and 1.13 million electric vehicles.

In Africa, Kenya, renewables by now offer more than 93% of the country’s electricity. Furthermore, the Kenyan government seeks to scale-up so that every individual in the country can access solar-driven power by the year 2022. The carbon mark of the inhabitants of 47 million is small compared with rich countries in the northern hemisphere. In the country, Solar, geothermal, hydropower, and wind energy is progressively cost-effective and practical compared to fossil fuels. However, the main issue of limiting progress is the initial capital. Kenya has significant renewable resources to explore, encouraging many eyewitnesses to say that it has the ability to overtake fossil fuel-driven economic growth.  

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Energy

Oklahoma is making trials for its renewable energy potential

The Rush Springs Energy Storage Facility in Oklahoma is conducting trials for NextEra Energy’s renewable energy. The facility is hosting nine structures that will be pairing with the grid for more tests. The structures contain numerous batteries capable of running a laptop. Those batteries give NextEra’s wind farm the ability to keep generating a limited amount of energy for a short period that can be used on the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) grid, even when Oklahoma’s winds are calm.

The batteries will enable the NextEra wind farm to supply constant energy quantities to power the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) grid. Nevertheless, the facility supplies 10 MW of electricity, which is the lowest quantity entering the grid compared to 250 MW coming in from the nearby wind farm when it is fully operational. NextEra and SPP initiated this program as a pilot to the upcoming project to inform the development of more structures to meet the grid’s demands.

Additionally, the facility is bringing in new technology to store renewable energy and supply it in constant quantities even when the weather changes unfavorably. The grid operators will experience an uninterrupted supply of wind energy, thereby keeping their customers satisfied. Brian Tobin, an executive of NextEra’s energy storage technology, is happy that they can meet customers’ demands without giving weather changes as an excuse for incompetence.

Tobin explained that integrating renewable energy structures like wind turbines with the batteries that store the energy ensures that energy is supplied when needed. The batteries take up as much energy as they can carry before allowing the remainder to pass through directly to the grid at regulated quantities. The batteries retain the energy until such a time when demand exceeds the quantity entering the grid from the turbines.

NextEra’s director of communications, Bryan Garner, explained that this integration started early as a pilot program and is currently heading towards expansion to become a mega supplier to the SPP grid. Additionally, more projects are developing alongside it to innovate the right technology for linking the batteries with the turbines. 

The two companies expect to meet the demands of Oklahoma and Texas residents. The two companies are working together to develop storage technology for renewable energy to capture as much energy as possible when the weather is favorable. SPP’s senior executive of operations, Bruce Rew, stated that they are evaluating how to maintain a mix between battery technology and the expansion of resources to capture renewable energy. The available energy storage units have proved that they can meet the demand of utilities and small power storage systems like generators. Currently, they are analyzing how they can develop new technology to supply energy to the grid. In conclusion, the two firms are working on a program that will bring an equivalent of 250 MW on the grid. Nevertheless, the technology they are working on can meet the needs of the grid at affordable costs. 

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Energy

Turbines floating at sea could be supplying households with renewable power soon

Wales is meeting half of its electricity demands on renewable energy. UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson anticipates the UK households to run on renewable energy by the end of this decade entirely. On the other hand, Plaid Cymru thinks that Wales can reach a level where it meets its energy demands using renewables.Turbines floating over the Welsh coast will be instrumental in the transition of the country to clean energy. The floating turbines were first developed in Scotland, and word has it they will be revitalizing all the areas that were initially operating on electricity from fossil fuels.

Wales hopes that the 96 MW wind project will deliver electricity to close to 100000 households in an area about 45km close to the Pembrokeshire. Nevertheless, this project introduces the other renewable energy proposals lined up to turnaround the country for clean energy. Scotland has managed to develop floating turbines to generate renewable energy, and Wales is hopeful that it can utilize similar resources to develop its renewable energy outline. Additionally, this mode of renewable energy extraction could be cheaper to obtain than other sources and eco-friendly.

Cardiff University’s renewable energy expert and professor Nick Jenkins thinks that tidal lagoons could be disadvantageous to work over in the development of floating turbines. The project that was to kick off at Swansea Bay came to a halt after the technicians realizing that it is costly. The installation of solar panels and wind turbines in remote areas of Wales could be tricky, especially after environmentalists and activists arguing that it could reshape the landscape. Nevertheless, the installation of these resources on the 2604 km of the Wales coast could revert this foreseeable problem.

Prof Jenkins stated that the development of the turbines on the coast of Wales could take time since it requires a rigorous study of the tides’ rise and fall. Equinor’s Rhodri James explained that since the turbines are deeper off the coast makes them slightly invisible. This arrangement takes care of the landscape alteration problems. Additionally, this design clears the trouble for people who habit close to the coast and saves the trouble of developing the turbines close to the Pembrokeshire National Park.

More advantages that come with the installation of turbines far away from the coast include cutting costs on turbine development and getting close to more winds that generate more electricity. Equinor first thought of floating turbines off the coast to generate more renewable energy and power the Norwegian waters’ facilities. Nevertheless, these installations required diesel to run, which was costly and environmentally unfriendly.

James explains that Equinor discovered that depending on offshore wind energy could support the National Grid on a large scale and at an affordable cost. He discovered that developing more turbines would minimize the cost of these resources and their installation. Finally, Plaid Cymru’s plan for clean, renewable energy could be achievable if the projects pass the implementation stage. Various committees have gone through the proposal and are working out how they can improve on the projects to genera5e electricity and create more jobs in the country.

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Space

Space Industry seeking regulatory reform progress

The recent progress in regulatory reforms is expected to continue regardless of the U.S. presidential elections’ outcome.  The profitable space sector hopes the reforms will be unaffected if there is a fresh president or a shift in party governance in congress post the elections. The last half a year has seen positive steps in the reforms with the introduction of reviewed commercial remote sensing guidelines, which took place in May, and the restructured launch and certifying guidelines on the 15th of October.

Before the launch of the two sets of regulations, the commercial space industry had been eagerly waiting for the changes as they faulted the current rules with additional costs and intricacy in their operations or even doubted being given license. These cases were evident in the commercial isolated sensing sector. The players complained of difficulties in acquiring new licenses to expand their operations, further hindering the U.S. companies from competing favorably with their global counterparts.

With the new regulations’ publication, NOAA’s Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs (CRSRA) office has changed its licenses to new requirements. The new rules comprise a three-tier approach to an oversight that depends on comparing the licensed systems and what is available globally. During a conference of the Advisory Committee for Commercial Remote Sensing, the executive of CRSRA, Tahara Dawkins, stated that many of the certificates had been designated Tier 1, consisting of very few conditions. The new regulations have seen the time taken to process the licenses to drop from 65 days in 2019 to 43 days in 2020.

According to Wayne Monteith, the FAA associate administrator for commercial space transportation, the manuscript that contains the ultimate rule and 785 pages long is a prologue that discusses handling the comments given on a draft rule by FAA. He further noted that the new guidelines are diminutive than the prevailing ones with a margin of around 85 percent.

Eric Stallmer, the outbound president of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation, called for the need to go on working with Wayne’s group for the takeoff and return streamlining. There is a workshop set on the same on the 14th of November, which the FAA will conduct to go through the proposed new regulations and the best way for the companies to shift from the pre-existing rules to the new ones. Stallmer further stated the need to develop an Article 6 solution that is voluntary in conjunction with the commerce department. The Article provides for the government’s requirement to offer authorization and continuing supervision of activities carried out in the space. 

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Energy

New Battery Pack Innovation Changing EV Potential

Electric cars are gaining more acclaim in the transport industry. Early integrations of battery packs in EV’s show inclinations towards using lithium batteries. However, a recently formed company MAYROCK shows promise of integrating the first cobalt-free batteries in the industry. Cobalt is a significant component of electric vehicle manufacturing. 

Cobalt manufacturing previously experienced controversy concerning environmental management and pollution. The matter was widespread, and environmentalists are concerned about the total emissions savings that electric vehicles provided compared to the entire manufacturing process’s realized emissions. However, anew start-up recently announced and revolutionary discovery in battery manufacturing that integrates lithium iron phosphate. MAYROCK is an electric vehicle maker in the United States that features this technology in its lineup.  

MAYROCK states that this discovery can increase battery utilization and efficiency over the current cobalt intensive battery packs, characterized by low energy carrying capacity. This new design uses the previous layout from traditional cobalt batteries with an integrated lithium iron phosphate system capable of generating 160 watt-hours per kg.  The battery also has a charging capacity of 4000 charging cycles.  Reports from MAYROCK’s CEO Harry Zhou show that this capacity is 4 times more efficient than the current conventional battery capacity. 

Likewise, the batteries can also increase safety compared to previous lithium-ion battery technology as the new layout is more stable and offers a higher capacity to dissipate heat. This improvement is possible since there are rising concerns over the possibility of electric vehicle battery packs from bursting into flames.  Additionally, the lithium iron phosphate battery also can charge faster up to full capacity in 5 hours and 80% capacity with a half-hour charge. 

MAYROCK CEO Zhou also ascertains that the battery pack goes through rigorous testing to ensure proper working and safety and its Performance. He responds that the company Focuses on providing efficiency and Performance when designing the battery in order to cater to the extensive use they will be subjected to. 

The company expects to report a higher-order provided that the corona pandemic led to an increase in online orders by 129 percent.  This realization is a significant concern for retailers like MAYROCK, who factor in last-mile delivery in their production. The company hopes that its innovation will help save this deficiency in consumer-based electric vehicle batteries with the lowest repair costs. The company is also confident with its product offering by providing the most expensive battery warranty across the industry. 

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Space

Asteroid Samples Leaking from OSIRIS-Rex

It is believed that NASA’s spacecraft, the OSIRIS-Rex collected so much sampling specimen from asteroid Bennu that the sampling head lid has jammed. This has caused the sampling materials to leak and change the team’s plans for the entire mission. During a media briefing held by NASA, the officials said that from some images which were taken from sampling device, they could see some materials leaking out of the collecting container from a gap that is along with the Mylar diaphragm that was instead supposed to be sealed from the bottom region of the head.

The images show a cloud of some small particles outside the TAGSAM; they are floating away from it at intervals of one centimeter per second. The estimated material, as it is seen on the images, is approximately 5 to 10 grams. NASA’s concern that there would be more material which might keep leaking from the gap has made the team change their initial plans for this mission. Lauretta has said that there is a maneuver planned for the weekend, whereby the spacecraft would be spun slowly to try and measure its moment of inertia. Hence, the mass of the sampling material has been canceled. They have underway planned to stow samples in the canister inside spacecraft where they will be sealed for a safe return journey to earth.

The stowing process was set to take place in November with assumptions that the sample material did not hit their preferred target of 60 grams. Lauretta also said that they might lose more tens of grams to stow the sample materials collected. They also see some probability that the material stuck on the bottom side of TAGSAM baseplate could also tend to interfere with the whole stowing process. Still, they hope that as from the images, none of the materials appeared to big enough to pose such a problem in the entire stowing process. 

Lauretta said that the TAGSAM could have collected much material and two kilograms in sample head. This assumption is made bearing in mind that the head plunged a depth as deep as 48 centimeters, which is below the surface of Bennu during the touch and go maneuver. He also stated that the greatest uncertainty they had about the asteroid during the entire mission development is that they never knew the strength of its surface.

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Energy

Apple leads the way to overhaul Taiwan’s market for renewable energy

The Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company in July produced the largest ever corporate that deals with renewable energy. The company which produces microchip signed a 20 years contract to buy power from the new wind farm being constructed in a new farm off at the coast of Taiwan by the Danish firm Orsted. 

The above deal was not a stroke of luck. It deals with the results of critical changes in the market of energy in Taiwanese energy. The above makes it easier for extensive industrial facilities to invest in renewable energy, which happens with the desire to meet the high demand of meeting the climate change goal set by US tech companies such as Google and Apple.

TSMC is an Apple supplier, is among the 71 companies who have signed an agreement with Apple’s with the desire to procure all their energy sources from renewables before the end of the year 2030. Greening the whole of the supply chain is essential to the electronic consumer’s giant’s goal. The announcement came in July in the goal of the company to achieve zero carbon footprint by the end of the year 2030. About 1 percent of the company emission was equal to that of Sri Lanka in the year 2019, with the projection it came from stores and offices, and the remaining amount is from the factory’s production sector.

According to Apple, if the suppliers of Apple will succeed in their mission, the amount of carbon saved will be equal to remove 3 million vehicles from the road yearly. For the company to achieve its dream, it is not a matter of putting solar panels on the roof of houses because it consumes too much energy. Compared with Taiwan, where more than 90 percent of the total energy comes from coal, nuclear energy, and natural gas, there is no trace of enough renewable energy that will meet the demand for tech companies.

Energy is among other problems that the company faces in producing microchips and other valuable tech hardware for the international market. Apple and Google commit to eliminating emissions in all its supply chains. Simultaneously, more than $53.4 billion of revenue by the Taiwanese come from companies linked to microchips’ production, according to Bloomberg, which is higher than any other nation except the US and Japan. In the United States as well as European Union, the companies tackle this problem mainly by tapping into the quickly growing market as well as well-established for the renewable energy certificates.  

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Space

EOS Data Analytics Dragonfly Multispectral Imagers Launch Scheduled for 2022

Early 2022, EOS Data Analytics will send a pair of Dragonfly Multispectral imagers to Earth’s low orbit. The conclusion was after it agreed with Dragonfly Aerospace about the same. The launch of the satellite carrying the HR-250 high-performance imagers will be around that time. The two multispectral images sent off as two payloads will work jointly. Together, they will create wide 7-spectral bands of pictures with a resolution of about 1 million.

The role of the imagers will be keeping track of environmental changes. They can monitor specific areas and also detects the ones impacted by destructive human activities. Whether it is a change in land cover or land use, no matter how insignificant it might be, the technology notifies the users as soon as it detects it.

Thanks to the use of two instead of one Dragonfly Multispectral Imagers, the coverage will be vast. With Dragonfly Aerospace offering customized spectral filters for the same, the data will also be accurate. The largest beneficiaries are the farmers because collected data allows them to know soil and yields conditions. That, in return, promotes precision farming.

The project would mean much to farmers since they will get data 5 to 7 times faster than using its alternatives. With some satellites, especially the non-commercial ones, acquiring imagery would mean waiting for it for months. With agriculture, that is a long time to wait, no doubt. The EOS project gives them the frequency that they deserve.

Another thing that is important to note is the clarity. The resolution is 3 to 10 times that of the available options. Thanks to such an improvement, the data accuracy that consequently makes analysis great and relevant become the order of the day.

As a farmer, it also becomes possible to do yield forecasting using the available data. You are also at liberty to decide if you want the data of particular areas to be exclusive. It is also good to note that the coverage is global.

According to Max Polyakov, the founder of EOS Data Analytics, space technology could make it easy to protect resources and offer solutions to the existing challenges. It is one way of understanding, predicting as well as solving natural disasters’ impact. In return, deaths are minimized or eliminated, and human existence on Earth becomes sustainable. It works by finding ways of sustaining humanity without leaving the Earth bleeding in the process.

Bryan Dean, the CEO of Dragon Aerospace, assured EOS Data Analytics high-precision data since the imagers will be subjected to both in-orbit calibration and intensive preflight. This launch’s specific dates, a collaboration of the Noosphere Ventures EOS Data Analytics subsidiary and the Southern African space company Dragonfly Aerospace will be announced later, probably when 2022 is quite near.

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Energy

UK Renewable Energy Train Holds Significant Impact

Renewable energy is gradually taking over public transport. The HS1 comes as part of the plans to integrate sustainable energy in transit. However, the high-speed train has already gained novelty in the UK transport scene as the first train entirely driven by renewable energy. 

The project is a long list of plans to have the EU wholly dependent on 100% renewable energy. Operators in the sector require a particular document called the renewable energy guarantee of origin certificate obtained from function bodies Like suppliers. The certificate profiles the green light business to stamp has zero carbon emissions logo in their produce. According to HS1, the company’s primary goal is to be carbon-free by 2030. This goal is achievable by setting stringent laws on emissions and sustainability. The company expects that strict regulation will provide sufficient guidelines in future operations. It also plans to develop a reputation for itself as the go-to authority in sustainability and green transportation in the UK. 

The company’s short-term goals include limiting individual carbon emissions by 25%. It also plans to increase energy efficiency by reducing each train trip’s required energy by 10%. HS1 recently confirmed that it is in partnership with Eurostar and Southern High Speed (LSER) operator. According to Dyan Crowther, chief executive at HS1 Limited, the company is on its way to establishing itself as the UK’s green gateway. He further confirms that the company’s efforts are significantly helping environmental efforts in the UK while reducing the individual customer’s carbon footprint. The company expects to have the HS1 as a desirable option for transportation for the public. 

HS1 expects to set itself among the political circle conversations to solve environmental preservation in the UK. However, it acknowledges that it must first get the public appeal and get traction among the population. Achieving this requires the company to develop the HS1 as a consumer-friendly source of transportation. Fortunately, the company’s financial implications are becoming popular and captured the attention of Rail Minister Chris Heaton. According to Heaton, the company fits the ministry’s directive to drive toward a green, clean source of transport. 

Heaton further reflects on the possibility of developing a fully sustainable transport network with zero emissions. The ministry’s next milestone stands to be achieving zero emissions by 2050.  According to company officials, the HS1 project commits to exempt itself from contributing to landfills come 2022. It further hopes to fulfil a significant milestone of recycling 90% of all production wastes by 2023